Andy Burnham criticises fire and rehire strategies.

Andy Burnham met Go North West bosses last week to discuss service disruption.

While careful to distinguish the industrial dispute between GNW and its drivers from other instances of ‘fire and rehire’ practices, the mayor says issuing Section 188 notices to renegotiate workers’ employment contracts is tantamount to ‘industrial blackmail’.


Andy Burnham at his weekly press conference yesterday said there were “positive” signs for a “fair resolution” in the industrial dispute between bus company Go North West and drivers. He also branded the “fire and rehire” strategy used by an increasing number of companies as tantamount to “industrial blackmail.”

Burnham confirmed he met Go North West bosses last week to discuss service provision, after drivers based at its depot on Queens Road in north Manchester voted overwhelmingly to strike against the bus company, beginning on 28 February, unless it desisted from terminating drivers’ contracts and re-employing them on new ones. Go North West operates 130 buses on 30 routes in Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Trafford and Warrington.

Burnham said of his negotiations with Go North West Management: “There’s a recognition on all sides that we need a resolution to this issue, a fair resolution. I encouraged them, together with Unite colleagues [union representing drivers], to get back around the table, and come to a negotiated settlement, and suggested that ACAS should be used to secure that.”

Go North West bus driver dispute – click here to find out more
  • 23 March 2020 – Go North West announces Reset 2020, a plan to stem the company’s annual losses of £1.8 million at Queen Road Depot.
  • May 2020 – As part of the plan, Go North West offers drivers a one-off payment of £5,000 in return for altering the terms and conditions of their employment. The company gives drivers until 12 August to accept the offer.
  • 12 August – Go North West drivers ballot on industrial action after Go North West suspends Unite branch chairman and union representative, Colin Hayden.
  • 14 August – Go North West issues a Section 188 notice on bus drivers.
  • 24 September – Go North West pauses the re-employment process kickstarted by the Section 188 notice after Unite general secretary Len McCluskey weighs in on the dispute. Talks begin between Go North West and Unite.
  • 16 January – Go North West withdraws from talks.
  • 18 January – Go North West begins consulting drivers individually.
  • 10 February – Unite drivers vote to take strike action against Go North West from 28th February.

Asked what he thought about companies issuing Section 188 notices, also called “fire and rehire” notices, to re-employ workers on contracts with less-favourable terms and conditions, the metro mayor was careful to distinguish the Go North West dispute from other cases of its usage. “The situation with Go [North West] is slightly different, given some of the issues that are trying to be resolved. But in the case of British Gas, I can’t see one minute how that can be justified.”

Thousands of British Gas engineers went on strike in January in response to an attempt by the company to push through pay cuts by threatening to fire workers. A growing number of British employers such as Tesco and universities are attempting similarly to make employees redundant before re-employing them on less-favourable terms and conditions.

Burnham condemned the use of Section 188 notices, saying the way companies could “effectively unilaterally renegotiate people’s contracts” was “unacceptable” and went on to say:

“People who have been out there working throughout the pandemic, going into other people’s homes, all of a sudden find themselves at the end of a year where British Gas and Centrica have done very well indeed with regards to their profits. They then seek to hold a gun to people’s heads and tell them to accept the new contracts, or sling their hook. That is industrial blackmail as far as I’m concerned.”

The Trade Unions Congress (TUC) has said that “fire and rehire tactics” are “levelling down” pay. There is a growing campaign in Manchester being organised by the Manchester Trades Council along with Strike Map UK to stop fire and rehire policies being implemented.

Go North West drivers are due to go on a continuous strike on 28 February unless Go North West returns to the negotiating table, Unite the union has said.

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Feature image: Flickr

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  • Alex King

    Alex is a reporter at Planning Magazine. Prior to working there he was a freelance journalist specialising in climate, employment and politics. His work has appeared in The Guardian, The Independent, Politico, Novara Media, Tribune Magazine, The Bristol Cable, The Mill and Red Pepper. He also set up and co-manages Green New Deal Media, an independent media outlet based in Greater Manchester devoted to addressing climate breakdown.

Reader Interactions


  1. Lancaster road Salford.
    One bus per hour. Can’t get to Salford precinct . Ecclesm lot Manchester. Disgusting!!!
    What are older people supposed to do x

  2. What progress have we made in 100 years? In 1920 my Dad, aged 14, started work as a trolley boy on the trams for Manchester Corporation. He continued (apart from 6 years in the RASC during WW2) to work for M/C Corporation Transport Dept as conductor, tram driver and bus driver until he reached age 60. He was then allowed to apply for a lighter job under a Manchester scheme and became a porter in the computer department at Manchester University until he was 65. The city used to be well served by buses. At times my Dad drove school , football matchday, airport and factory buses out of Parrswood and Birchfields depots. Now, with buses and university privatised, there is no integration. As an alumni myself, I was applled to see how the University students have been treated recently.

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